Hatta Itsuzan 八田逸山
red and gold three-footed bowl with peony and bird
size diameter about 24cm height about 6 to 6.5cm
This bowl (shallow) has a sense of dynamism. The painting on the bowl that a single bird perched on a branch with its head down is overlooking a large peony. The color of the keynote is red, and partially is gold, and the bowl is decorated using techniques such as ishime-uchi (*) and brocade. Because of three foots, this bowl looks solid and dignified.
* the style of filling the background of flowers and birds, and landscapes with fine dots
If looking closely at the painting on the bowl, the large peony flower, which means “wealth and rank” or “the appearance of a king”, is drawn in red and white, and the blooming peonies are extending up, while a bird that seems to be a sparrow is placed in the center and serves as an accent.
In composition, a flower-and-bird design was incorporated in many Meiji kutani. However, the design of this bowl is somewhat different from the government-made flower-and-bird design seen in the early Meiji period. When export of the arts and crafts to Europe and the United States started, even Meiji kutani, designs that filled with the beauty and art of Japanese painting were required, and master craftsmen of Meiji kutani had to follow the government-made design examples. But, from the middle of the Meiji period, a unique effort began to be moving away from such government-made designs.
In this bowl, the uniqueness can be seen in an active small bird that is placed in the center without drawing peacocks, phoenixes, etc. that were usually attached to the peony, while painting the whole in red and adding accents with gold.
Another interesting thing is that this bowl has three foots. Since ancient times, three-footed vessels have been found as incense burners in Buddhist utensils, and in Meiji kutani can be seen incense burners, vases, etc. with foots like Chinese boys and head of beast to give decorativeness
However, it seems very rare in such a bowl. The reason why the elephant’s head was used instead of the slightly high kodai (foot) may be that the elephant’s head was attached to make this bowl stand out like a gallery tray or fruit bowl in the center of the table.
Bright flowers are also drawn on the back. Even if a feeling of strangeness with three foots, the appearance of the three flowers is drawn firmly with a slightly thicker line than the fineness in the front.
This bowl is thicker and heavier than a bowl of similar size. Rather than being heavier because of three foots, it is a sign that the bowl itself is made to be heavy and finished in a dignified vessel (like a figurine).
Because this bowl has no round foot (kodai), the center is slightly dented, and “kutani / Itsuzan” is writen. In the middle of the Meiji period, the back names of pottery merchants, “dai-Nihon kutani” and “kutani (manufactured)”, which represent the origin of production, were generalized, and the signature of a master craftsman was reduced.
This web-gallery has a cup with “kutani / Marunaka-made / Itsuzan-ga (painted)”. It is rare that the name of Itsuzan is written along with great pottery merchant Marunaka Magoji, so it shows that he was famous as a painter.
about creator Hatta Itsuzan
Hatta Itsuzan unknown year of birth and death
It is unknown that Hatta Itsuzan was born and died, but it is found that he learned pottery from Sasada Yuzan (already described on this site), and Ishino Ryuzan (already described on this site) was one of his disciples. So, he was one of master craftsmen in the Meiji period. And many works were commissioned by overseas pottery merchants such as Marunaka Magoji, Watano Kichiji and etc. so, he was undoubtedly one of the master craftsmen of Meiji Kutani.
It is said that he had a skill of kutani fine print, but he was famous for works such as red paintings and his skill of brocade painting.
|date of exhibition||April 5, 2020|
|buy & sell||under consideration|